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Android cumple 6 años

Gino Alania - Sáb, 11/15/2014 - 18:53

Hacemos un repaso de la evolución del sistema operativo Android, desde Android 1.0 Apple Pie hasta el próximo Android L. Hoy se cumplen seis años desde el lanzamiento de la primera versión del sistema operativo móvil más utilizado en todo el mundo. Que cumpla muchos más.

Cuando se cumplen seis años desde que allá por 2008 se anunciara el lanzamiento de la primera versión del sistema operativo móvil Android, mucho ha cambiado en estos años para que este software se haya convertido en el sistema operativo más extendido de todo el planeta. La apuesta multidispositivo que hizo Google ha demostrado ser todo un acierto. Vamos a hacer un repaso sobre los puntos más destacados de su historia, viendo cómo ha ido evolucionando Android a través de sus diferentes versiones.

Foro de telefonía móvil y smartphones.
Android 1.0 Apple Pie, el inicio
Lo primero que llamó la atención de esta versión fue el nombre con el que se la bautizó, ya que se entendió entre muchos la referencia a Apple que había introducido la compañía de Mountain View y que anunciaba la lucha que iban a mantener ambos sistemas en los años venideros, aún a costa de un Symbian que por aquel entonces era la gran referencia. Android 1.0 Apple Pie incorpora ya muchos detalles de personalización para los usuarios, además de presentar la tienda de aplicaciones Android Market y la primera integración de servicios comunes de Google como cuentas de correo electrónico y gestión de contactos.

Android-Apple-Pie

Android 1.5 Cupcake, base de las funcionalidades sociales
Aunque anteriormente se lanzó Android 1.1 Banana Bread para corregir algunos aspectos mejorables en Apple Pie, no fue hasta abril de 2009 cuando con la versión de Android 1.5 Cupcake se vivió una nueva revolución. Con ese software comenzaron a hacer acto de presencia las funcionalidades propias de las redes sociales que tanta importancia tienen hoy en día, y con las que se permitía la integración de servicios como YouTube o Picasa con la que los usuarios podían compartir contenido de estas plataformas. Con Android 1.6 Donut se introdujeron nuevos cambios estéticos y mejoras en la búsqueda, además de confirmarse la curiosa nomenclatura que llevaba a cabo Google en las actualizaciones de su sistema operativo.

Android-cupcake

Android 2.2 Froyo y Android 2.3 Gingerbread, los viejos rockeros
Aunque el paso a la segunda generación del sistema Android como tal se dio con Android 2.0 Éclair que incluía mejoras principalmente en la cámara –con soporte para flash o zoom digital- y en el teclado, los usuarios guardan en su memoria la actualización que supuso Android 2.2 Froyo, una versión que corregía problemas de seguridad y con la que el Android Market comenzaba a ser compatible con ordenadores. Android 2.2 Froyo sigue todavía instalada de forma residual en algunos dispositivos de menores prestaciones. De Android 2.3 Gingerbread cabe destacar que fue la primera en introducir la tecnología NFC, que entre otras cosas, se utilizaba para realizar pagos a través del teléfono móvil. Además se incorporaron nuevas resoluciones de pantalla y se diseñó una interfaz más agradable, sencilla e intuitiva.

Android-gingerbread

Android 3.0 Honeycomb, la versión para tabletas
Android diseñó en febrero de 2011 una versión pensando específicamente en el auge que iban a tener en los próximos años las tabletas. Además de adaptar la interfaz a este tipo de dispositivos, se introdujeron los Widgets interactivos, se mejoró la fluidez de la interfaz y se integró las conversaciones con Google Talk a pantalla completa.

Android-honeycomb

Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich, un sistema para todo
Google quiso lanzar a finales de 2011 la versión de Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich como respuesta la demanda de crear un sistema operativo que fuera funcional tanto en teléfonos móviles inteligentes como en tablets. Además de novedades en el aspecto estético, ya que muchos usuarios demandan más cambios en este sentido frente a la apuesta de Apple con su sistema iOS, la inclusión del nuevo navegador bajo la marca Google Chrome permitía la exploración en hasta 15 pestañas. Se incorporaban nuevas funciones de utilidad para el cierre de aplicaciones en segundo plano, la creación de carpetas de forma más sencilla y la grabación de vídeo a resolución 1080P para dispositivos Android de serie.

Android-ice-cream-sandwich

Android 4.1/4.2/4.3 Jelly Bean, mejorando la velocidad
La apuesta por un sistema operativo fluido y más rápido quedó contrastada con las diferentes versiones de Android Jelly Bean. En julio de 2012 debutó la primera de ellas corriendo en un Nexus 7. La versión 4.3 llegó el día 30 de julio de 2013 y trajo consigo múltiples mejoras entre las que se incluía una conectividad más completa con impresoras, soporte total para Chromecast y nuevas opciones para desarrolladores de aplicaciones.

android-jelly-bean

Android 4.4 KitKat, apostando por las funciones multitarea
La última versión de Android disponible en el mercado, Android 4.4 KitKat, tomó su nombre de la chocolatina de Nestlé en el marco de un patrocinio de la marca agroalimentaria. Con novedades en el ámbito visual, se potenciaron las funcionalidades multitarea, al querer hacer de esta una versión mucho más versátil. El CallerID ofrecía información y servicios útiles respecto a las llamadas de voz recibidas y se mejoró el rendimiento general del sistema para hacerlo compatible con aplicaciones como WhatsApp, que se han vuelto imprescindibles para el usuario de un smartphone.

Android-Kit-Kat

Android 5.0 “L”, el futuro del sistema operativo de Google
En el último Google I/O celebrado el pasado mes de junio, el gigante dio a conocer la futura versión del sistema operativo Android L que llegará a finales de este mismo año. Se especula con que finalmente pueda ser conocido como Lemon Merengue Pie o Lion –continuando de esta forma con el patrocinio con Nestlé-, y busca sobretodo aportar novedades en el ámbito de las notificaciones, para hacer compatible este sistema con otros dispositivos, como los relojes inteligentes, que funcionarán con Android Wear. La colorida interfaz “Material Design” ha sido desarrollada de forma que no tenga que mirar desde abajo al aspecto visual que ofrece el sistema iOS y es hasta la fecha el proyecto más ambicioso de Google en este sentido. Además se han anunciado mejoras en la gestión de la batería de los dispositivos y la integración de Google Fit.

android-l-escritorioEl sistema operativo de Google ha demostrado que por él no pasan los años y que sigue gozando de una muy buena salud por lo que es comprensible que se le augure todavía un largo futuro entre nosotros. La versión de Android L abrirá antes de que acabe el año un nuevo capítulo y tan solo nos queda esperar para ver con qué nos sorprenden en sucesiones actualizaciones.

¿Qué versión ha sido la que os ha dejado más satisfechos? ¿Introducirías algún cambio al respecto del SO de Google?

FUDCon Managua 2014 Clousure

Neville - Sáb, 11/15/2014 - 10:00

Last day of FUDCon I tries to approach as many contributors to ask: What do you think was accomplished in this FUDCon? I used their input as part of the closure speech at the end of the convention. I improvised with a hand write notes. Here you have a more digested summary.

The most important thing was first hand experience, that was mention also as learning with practical examples.

The second most relevant issue was Networking. Not in the wires and OSI layers. Get in touch with people, to get acquaintance, to know what they do. That king of bonding tie together the community. It was also view as scouting. People see who is doing what and how they may engage in a team in the short future.

The view was that there was low attendance, but people there were really engaged. There were package reviewed. This is the first FUDCon that we have computer labs for practical sessions. There were restrictions, but we have it. All this activity lead to people sponsored in packaging and ambassadors. It also lead to candidates for packaging, web sites, ambassadors and documentation teams.

Electronics got a fair share of fans. People looking at Icaro Project become aware that it is possible to make from scratch robotics. People looking at Arduino view that Fedora (or Linux) is the way to get real into the edge of programming and electronics. By the way, Icaro package was migrated from Gtk2 to Gtk3 during this event.

Some people were more into the opportunity of give back part of all that we have gotten from Fedora and show the open source way. More concrete though were on looking as an opportunity to focus on what it is important.

From here the speech went to thanks the University and its staff, sponsors that contribute to the event, and specially the local team that made possible organize the event.

I save for last a brief comment with Robert Mayr about the potential that is hold back by the language barrier. This talk become a exchange of email. I often took for granted that if you are technology you better get into English. I have solve problems beyond my skills by just been able to read what the screen said. But Robert validate those people that claim to have technical skills and that have problems to engage with Fedora Project because of a language barrier. I felt dumb. I myself were talking a few months back in FLOCK about helping girls to apply to Woman Outreach Program, as a proof reader and translator if were needed. So, that is a real problem. We need to start looking to ways to mitigate this barrier.

FUDCon Managua 2014 Clousure

Fedora Nicaragua - Sáb, 11/15/2014 - 10:00

Last day of FUDCon I tries to approach as many contributors to ask: What do you think was accomplished in this FUDCon? I used their input as part of the closure speech at the end of the convention. I improvised with a hand write notes. Here you have a more digested summary.

The most important thing was first hand experience, that was mention also as learning with practical examples.

The second most relevant issue was Networking. Not in the wires and OSI layers. Get in touch with people, to get acquaintance, to know what they do. That king of bonding tie together the community. It was also view as scouting. People see who is doing what and how they may engage in a team in the short future.

The view was that there was low attendance, but people there were really engaged. There were package reviewed. This is the first FUDCon that we have computer labs for practical sessions. There were restrictions, but we have it. All this activity lead to people sponsored in packaging and ambassadors. It also lead to candidates for packaging, web sites, ambassadors and documentation teams.

Electronics got a fair share of fans. People looking at Icaro Project become aware that it is possible to make from scratch robotics. People looking at Arduino view that Fedora (or Linux) is the way to get real into the edge of programming and electronics. By the way, Icaro package was migrated from Gtk2 to Gtk3 during this event.

Some people were more into the opportunity of give back part of all that we have gotten from Fedora and show the open source way. More concrete though were on looking as an opportunity to focus on what it is important.

From here the speech went to thanks the University and its staff, sponsors that contribute to the event, and specially the local team that made possible organize the event.

I save for last a brief comment with Robert Mayr about the potential that is hold back by the language barrier. This talk become a exchange of email. I often took for granted that if you are technology you better get into English. I have solve problems beyond my skills by just been able to read what the screen said. But Robert validate those people that claim to have technical skills and that have problems to engage with Fedora Project because of a language barrier. I felt dumb. I myself were talking a few months back in FLOCK about helping girls to apply to Woman Outreach Program, as a proof reader and translator if were needed. So, that is a real problem. We need to start looking to ways to mitigate this barrier.

Rocks solid upgrade to Fedora 21 Workstation

Aeperez - Vie, 11/14/2014 - 22:07
After a long wait Fedora 21 Release is a few days away, since alpha has been testing Fedora 21 on virtual machines, with no  real issue how ever do to my work load had not time time to upgrade my main notebook.


Today run fedup and upgrade run flawless, simple upgrade instrucion:


sudo fedup --network 21 --product=workstation

Notice the additional parameter added to fedup for Fedora 21, values are workstation (Gnome desktop), server, Cloud and nonproduct which let fedup work as in its previous version.   

After downloading 3248 packages a warning about some external repository packages dependencies nothing critical, reboot and about 30 minutes waith, until upgrade process finish at the end it greet me with this beefy miracle asci image.




Next reboot and I was running Fedora 21 Workstation. It works fine. Thanks to all the effort and congrats to all involve into this release, it is looking really great.


No te falta tiempo, te falta organización

Jose Salgado - Vie, 11/14/2014 - 17:21

KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERA

Una de las peores frases que puedes oír de tu manager cuando te quejas que no hay tiempo material para cumplir una fecha es no falta tiempo lo que pasa es que te organizas mal. Y no es molesta por no se cierta, siempre existen puntos de mejora, sino porque a veces uno tiene razón y si en vez de recurrir a este tópico manido te escuchara, quizás se mejoraría alguna que otra cosa.

Yo mismo me acabo de ver atrapado en este dilema, ayer fallé en en mi intento de escribir un post diario. Fue un día intenso

Esto es un resumen del artículo No te falta tiempo, te falta organización escrito para Exelisis. Visita la web para más información y compártelo si crees que es interesante.

El equipo de Firefox y Tor están trabajando para proteger la privacidad de Internet

eliasbrasa - Vie, 11/14/2014 - 11:57

Ese es el titular de la noticia que veo en el perfil de Facebook de Firefox. La noticia, que ya había hablado de ella, no es sorprendente, pero confirma que se está trabajando en la integración de Tor en Firefox.

Al parecer el lunes pasado Mozilla anunció que dos “experimentos” centrados en el anonimato, en tecnología para evitar la censura y en la protección de la navegación.

Andrew Lewman del proyecto Tor ha comentado: “Estamos deseando trabajar juntos en la tecnología de privacidad, estándares abiertos y proyectos colaborativos futuros”.

Mozilla, a su vez, ha hecho las siguientes declaraciones: “En Mozilla creemos que la privacidad individual en Internet no puede ser tratada como algo opcional… Queremos dar a nuestros usuarios la experiencia en la Web que ellos desean a través de crear transparencia y control. Queremos que nuestros usuarios crean en nosotros y en Internet”.

Puede ser que a pesar de los intentos por controlar la red tengamos la posibilidad de disfrutar de ella sin restricciones y con los derechos que nos corresponden.

Fuente original: The Mind Unleashed.


FUDCon Managua 2014 The Facts

Neville - Vie, 11/14/2014 - 10:00

This is a quantitative summary of the things that happened on FUDCon Managua 2014. So cold data, not so much into feelings and ideas.

Four universities other than the venue were visited to promote the event, and also Fedora (UPOLI, RUPAP, UAM and UCA). There was presence in three TV interview at different channels to promote the event.

Our online registration at the website had 175 persons, our estimated peak attendance was 150. This was really under the shadow of last year 800 people audience in Cusco. The badge for FUDCon Managua 2014 was awarded 46 times, which give us an idea of how many FAS accounts were active. Last year were only 25. This shows that our low attendance was highly engaged.

Ambassadors team got new 4 members (lilixx, searchsam, srkraken and creaturahpc) and one new candidate (menina).

Web sites team got one new team member (Echevemaster) that got involved during the preparations for FUDCon and two new candidates (lilixx and sophiekovalesky). By the time both candidates have alredy submited patches.

Packager is a bit mor difficult to describe. There is one approved memeber (williamjmorenor) and there are four people that submited packages (yaderv, franko92 magjogui and pynash). franko92 has 2 packages in review and yaderv did also the migration of icaro package from GTk2 to Gtk3.

Documentation got one candidates (searchsam) that by now is already approved.

This sum 12 people that moved from a non defined relationship with fedora to actual contributors. Many of them were in the borderline, but FUDCon did the last push to cross the line to engage wit actual teams.

Infraestructure got two person interested (mayorga and creaturehpc) but both need follow up to see if that interest become more than that.

First time that FUDCon LATAM had computer labs. There were two, we had limitations on the use of them, but we had them. We have a hacking at night, a meeting room at the hotel was available from Tuesday 21st to Friday 24th which was convenient.

We got some news hits as follow:
Printed
El Nuevo Diario Róbotica Educativa
El Nuevo Diario FUDCon

Online
La prensa TV FUDCon
Revista Help Desk TIC FUDCon

FUDCon Managua 2014 The Facts

Fedora Nicaragua - Vie, 11/14/2014 - 10:00

This is a quantitative summary of the things that happened on FUDCon Managua 2014. So cold data, not so much into feelings and ideas.

Four universities other than the venue were visited to promote the event, and also Fedora (UPOLI, RUPAP, UAM and UCA). There was presence in three TV interview at different channels to promote the event.

Our online registration at the website had 175 persons, our estimated peak attendance was 150. This was really under the shadow of last year 800 people audience in Cusco. The badge for FUDCon Managua 2014 was awarded 46 times, which give us an idea of how many FAS accounts were active. Last year were only 25. This shows that our low attendance was highly engaged.

Ambassadors team got new 4 members (lilixx, searchsam, srkraken and creaturahpc) and one new candidate (menina).

Web sites team got one new team member (Echevemaster) that got involved during the preparations for FUDCon and two new candidates (lilixx and sophiekovalesky). By the time both candidates have alredy submited patches.

Packager is a bit mor difficult to describe. There is one approved memeber (williamjmorenor) and there are four people that submited packages (yaderv, franko92 magjogui and pynash). franko92 has 2 packages in review and yaderv did also the migration of icaro package from GTk2 to Gtk3.

Documentation got one candidates (searchsam) that by now is already approved.

This sum 12 people that moved from a non defined relationship with fedora to actual contributors. Many of them were in the borderline, but FUDCon did the last push to cross the line to engage wit actual teams.

Infraestructure got two person interested (mayorga and creaturehpc) but both need follow up to see if that interest become more than that.

First time that FUDCon LATAM had a computer labs. There were two, we had limitations on the use of them, but we had them. We have a hacking night hacking room, a meeting room at the hotel was available from Tuesday 21st to Friday 24th which was convenient.

We got some news hits as follow:
Printed
El Nuevo Diario Róbotica Educativa
El Nuevo Diario FUDCon

Online
La prensa TV FUDCon
Revista Help Desk TIC FUDCon

Cómo añadir Ixquick a los motores de búsqueda de Firefox

eliasbrasa - Jue, 11/13/2014 - 11:55

Os hablaba en la entrada anterior sobre los buscadores anónimos, pero una duda que nos podía surgir era: si quiero usar Ixquick como motor de búsqueda en Firefox ¿cómo lo hago?

Sencillo, pulsáis sobre el motor de búsqueda que estéis usando (por defecto Google) y os sale una ventana como la siguiente:

Motores de búsqueda Firefox

Bastará pulsar en el enlace “Obtener más motores de búsqueda” (ver enlace en azul en la parte inferior izquierda) y buscar Ixquick HTTPS Privacy Search Engine entre los resultados. Otra opción es que hagáis clic en el enlace que os he dejado en el nombre de la extensión. Una vez lo instaléis lo tendréis disponible como motor de búsqueda (como podéis ver en la imagen anterior) y podréis sustituirlo por el que estéis usando.


FUDCon Managua 2014 The rough edges

Neville - Jue, 11/13/2014 - 09:47

We have a paradox. We are equally fedora contributors and members of the fedora project but we are not equal. There are two variables that I will like to point, income and confidence. We have successful people very confident and with relative good income on one side and students with no job building their character. Some of the students depend on scholarship to keep them in college.

So, one extreme may get pushy to say we are equal, we have to chip in the same for food and drinks. That is unfair. We all not have the same resources and we all not drink alcohol. This is a rough edge that we should avoid. This kind of pressure is not trivial for some people.

In the other extreme, you get questions like: there will be something to pay for gas to help the ride? You may think that is because they don’t want to get ask for money that they don’t have. But I like to believe it is because they know the value of things and want to help is they can.

You find very nice contributors that take care of the whole bill, and most people think they do that because they can. But I firmly believe they do because they know that there are someones that can’t afford their share in that bill.

But sometimes somebody said that will take care of the bill and then collect later. Which is a way to spare those who can afford their share. Some times people that can cover their share don’t repay and is odd to be reminding people about that.

For me the worts of all is the sum . Those that overdue they excitement and end up short on money. They are usually the same who don’t repay, those who do not ask if a share is needed, those who do not thanks if the bill has been covered for them and also those who force others to chip equally.

But if we are not aware that we have diversity in income and in character, we will be hurting people when we get all together. Please pause and think. We should not hurt our friend just because our equality as contributors is overestimate .

FUDCon Managua 2014 The rough edges

Fedora Nicaragua - Jue, 11/13/2014 - 09:47

We have a paradox. We are equally fedora contributors and members of the fedora project but we are not equal. There are two variables that I will like to point, income and confidence. We have successful people very confident and with relative good income on one side and students with no job building their character. Some of the students depend on scholarship to keep them in college.

So, one extreme may get pushy to say we are equal, we have to chip in the same for food and drinks. That is unfair. We all not have the same resources and we all not drink alcohol. This is a rough edge that we should avoid. This kind of pressure is not trivial for some people.

In the other extreme, you get questions like: there will be something to pay for gas to help the ride? You may think that is because they don’t want to get ask for money that they don’t have. But I like to believe it is because they know the value of things and want to help is they can.

You find very nice contributors that take care of the whole bill, and most people think they do that because they can. But I firmly believe they do because they know that there are someones that can’t afford their share in that bill.

But sometimes somebody said that will take care of the bill and then collect later. Which is a way to spare those who can afford their share. Some times people that can cover their share don’t repay and is odd to be reminding people about that.

For me the worts of all is the sum . Those that overdue they excitement and end up short on money. They are usually the same who don’t repay, those who do not ask if a share is needed, those who do not thanks if the bill has been covered for them and also those who force others to chip equally.

But if we are not aware that we have diversity in income and in character, we will be hurting people when we get all together. Please pause and think. We should not hurt our friend just because our equality as contributors is overestimate .

[Vídeo] Todos los triángulos son equiláteros

Gaussianos - Jue, 11/13/2014 - 05:00

Interesante vídeo el que nos traen los cracks de Numberphile. En él Carlo H. Séquin, de la Universidad de Berkeley, nos presenta una supuesta demostración de que todos los triángulos son equiláteros:

A ver quién nos explica dónde está el fallo de dicha prueba.

Entra en Gaussianos si quieres hacer algún comentario sobre este artículo, consultar entradas anteriores o enviarnos un mensaje.

Construye tú también el poliedro de Császár.

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